The Copyholders Index
The medieval parish of Uppingham contained two manors known as the Preston with Uppingham Manor and th e Rectory Manor. They comprised roughly 45% and 15% of the land area respectively and were held in copyhold tenure by tenants according to the custom of the manor. The reminder of the parish was held freehold but formed part of the Preston with Uppingham Manor. The smaller Rectory Manor was vested in the Rector of Uppingham by the right of his office for the period of his incumbency. It contained no freehold other t han that belonging to the parson. Ownership and descent of the larger Preston Manor can be consulted in the Victoria County History of Rutland. The Court Rolls of the Preston Manor comprised Twelve volumes, the first written in Latin and the remainder in English numbered 'A' to 'K' covering (with some gaps in the early years) the period from 1658 to 1936. When they came to be deposited for safe keeping with the Record Office for Leicestershire, Leicester & Rutland , Volume F (1830-1850), Volume J (1892-1908) and Volume K (1907-1937) were not included and no trace of these books has been discovered since. A number of other rolls and part rolls are known and will be considered in Part 3 of the Index. In the 1970s members of the Uppingham Local History Group made summaries of all twelve volumes including those now missing and from them prepared the Card Index that is copied here. With hind sight and in view of the subsequent loss of the three volumes it is now regretted that the summaries and therefore the Index did not cover transactions dealing purely with agricultural land. In the following years, additional information, mostly identifications of properties referred to in the rolls, has been added to the Summaries and Index as investigations into Uppingham’s past have progressed. Typed and edited copies of the Group’s summaries of the Latin Volume, a British Library Volume and Volumes A and B are deposited at the Record Office and in the Local Studies Room of the Rutland County Museum. The material has been widely used in publications by the successor Uppingham Local History Study Group. It is hoped that ultimately the court roll transcripts, the card index and other original source material about Uppingham will find their way to ROLLR to be available to researchers. Download fully searchable pdf versions with active index pages: Part 1 Copyhold Tenants of the Preston with Uppingham Manor Part 2 Copyhold Tenants of the Rectory Manor of Uppingham - not yet available Part 3 Strays and Irregulars - included with Part 1
Uppingham Local History Study Group