How did Uppingham become the principal town in Rutland in the 18th Century? What were the origins of this splendid Georgian Town? Dr Vivian Anthony, the author and Chairman of the Uppingham Local History Study Group, will explain. The Book provides an illustrated story of how a small settlement on a plateau above the Eyebrook Valley underwent a transformation outgrowing other villages to become a leading market town in the county of Rutland. The township saw off the challenges of Ridlington and Lyddington and came to rival Oakham in size and importance. While Uppingham benefited from the interest and involvement of the De Montfort family in its planned development after the King’s charter for markets and fairs was acquired in 1281, it had had to survive the turbulent history of the region in the centuries before the Normans. The tale is told of how Uppingham and its environs survived wave after wave of invasions and settlement; how the resident Corieltauvi tribe got on with the Romans; and how successive invaders made their way up the Welland Valley and later settled around its tributaries. For centuries the fortunes of the lesser kingdoms to which Uppingham paid tribute waxed and waned but over time the area known as Rutland developed its identity and eventually its special position as part of the dower granted to the Queen. As the main settlement in the Hundred of Martinsley, Uppingham’s story is partly about the services it offered to surrounding habitations particularly through its markets and inns. In the absence of great lords to determine the way forward, various lesser gentry, yeoman farmers and tradesmen gave the lead. The part played by churchmen, not least in times of religious conflict, makes interesting reading. With the Rector commonly an absentee, it was the churchwardens and curates who usually made the pace. The history benefits from archives rich in material from the Court Rolls of the principal manors – Rectory and Uppingham with Preston – and the notes provided by Archdeacon Irons and Canon Clowes; much has been analysed by the Uppingham Local History Study Group. The founding and development of one of the nation’s leading schools by Archdeacon Johnson is a fascinating theme, and that of his almshouses is another. All this is set firmly in the context of land ownership and farming; almost everyone in the community was connected in some way with the land and all were affected when enclosure and the other elements of the Agricultural Revolution came to Uppingham late in the 18th century. Occasionally social discontent spilled over and a rebellion was planned but whatever the problems posed by the poor and dispossessed Uppingham was largely a peaceful and prosperous place as reflected in the fine Georgian buildings which remain to this day.History of Uppingham - A Principal Town of Rutland by 1800 by Vivian AnthonyPublished by Uppingham Local History Society Group - 19 x 25.5cm, 292 Pages, SoftboundAvailable from Uppingham Sports and Booksand fromUppingham Local History Study Group Tel: 01572 821674 orplease email.