History of Uppingham - Vivian Anthony
How   did   Uppingham   become   the   principal   town   in   Rutland   in   the 18th   Century?   What   were   the   origins   of   this   splendid   Georgian Town?    Dr    Vivian    Anthony,    the    author    and    Chairman    of    the Uppingham Local History Study Group, will explain. The   Book   provides   an   illustrated   story   of   how   a   small   settlement on      a      plateau      above      the      Eyebrook      Valley      underwent      a transformation    outgrowing    other    villages    to    become    a    leading market   town   in   the   county   of   Rutland.   The township   saw   off   the challenges    of    Ridlington    and    Lyddington    and    came    to    rival Oakham    in    size    and    importance.    While    Uppingham    benefited from   the   interest   and   involvement   of   the   De   Montfort   family   in   its planned   development   after   the   King’s   charter   for   markets   and fairs   was   acquired   in   1281,   it had   had   to   survive   the   turbulent history of the region in the centuries before the Normans. The   tale   is   told   of   how   Uppingham   and   its   environs   survived   wave after     wave     of     invasions     and     settlement;     how     the     resident Corieltauvi   tribe   got   on   with   the   Romans;   and   how   successive invaders   made   their   way   up   the   Welland   Valley   and   later   settled around   its   tributaries.   For   centuries   the   fortunes   of   the   lesser kingdoms   to   which   Uppingham   paid   tribute   waxed   and   waned   but over   time   the   area   known   as   Rutland   developed   its   identity   and eventually its special position as part of the dower granted to the Queen. As   the   main   settlement   in   the   Hundred   of   Martinsley,   Uppingham’s   story   is   partly   about   the   services   it   offered   to surrounding   habitations   particularly   through   its   markets   and   inns.   In   the   absence   of   great   lords   to   determine   the way   forward,   various   lesser   gentry,   yeoman   farmers   and   tradesmen   gave   the   lead.   The part   played   by   churchmen, not   least   in   times   of   religious   conflict,   makes   interesting   reading.   With   the   Rector   commonly   an   absentee,   it   was   the churchwardens and curates who usually made the pace. The   history   benefits   from   archives   rich   in   material   from   the   Court   Rolls   of   the   principal   manors   –   Rectory and Uppingham   with   Preston   –   and   the   notes   provided   by   Archdeacon   Irons   and   Canon   Clowes;   much   has   been   analysed by   the   Uppingham   Local   History   Study   Group.   The   founding   and   development   of   one   of   the   nation’s   leading   schools by Archdeacon Johnson is a fascinating theme, and that of his almshouses is another. All   this   is   set   firmly   in   the   context   of   land   ownership   and   farming;   almost   everyone   in   the   community   was   connected in    some    way    with    the    land    and    all    were    affected    when    enclosure    and    the    other    elements    of    the    Agricultural Revolution   came   to   Uppingham   late   in   the   18th   century.   Occasionally   social   discontent   spilled   over   and   a   rebellion was   planned   but   whatever   the   problems   posed   by   the   poor   and   dispossessed   Uppingham   was   largely   a   peaceful   and prosperous place as reflected in the fine Georgian buildings which remain to this day. History of Uppingham - A Principal Town of Rutland by 1800 by Vivian Anthony Published by Uppingham Local History Society Group - 19 x 25.5cm, 292 Pages, Softbound Available from Uppingham Sports and Books and from Uppingham Local History Study Group Tel: 01572 821674 or   please email .
Uppingham Local History Study Group